Trade Capacity Building
It has become increasingly critical to enhance the capacity of developing countries and economies in transition to enable them participate in global trade towards their economic growth.
The ability of enterprises to trade internationally depends more on their ability to enter into global value chains that are established by transnational corporations.
On the one hand, this requires working on the supply side, enabling enterprises to manufacture products with high-export potential in the quantities and at the level of quality required by the markets.
On the other hand, it requires evidence of market conformity, enabling these same enterprises to ensure that their products conform to the relevant international standards, in particular private buyer requirements, and technical requirements.
On the supply side, UNIDO will continue to support enterprises in their efforts to offer competitive, safe, reliable and cost-effective products on global markets. This requires –
Identifying sectors and products that have competitive potential and are suitable for local value addition
Analyzing and assessing trends in industrial performance at national, regional and global level,
Formulating strategies and policies designed to improve industrial competitiveness and to overcome technical barriers to trade (TBT) and comply with sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures (SPS).
UNIDO further assists developing countries and economies in transition to upgrade their manufacturing processes in sectors with high-export potential, up to internationally acceptable levels and supports the creation of export consortia (a specialized form of SME network), as well as designing and implementing national and regional commodity-based trade capacity-building programmes, in cooperation with international partner agencies such as WTO, ITC, FAO and CFC.
With respect to conformity, UNIDO will continue to help enterprises comply with international standards and market requirements, and will assist countries that have recently acceded to WTO, or are in the accession process, to develop the conformity infrastructure needed, in particular, to fulfill the requirements and obligations under the WTO TBT agreement and the agreement on the Application of SPS measures.
UNIDO will also provide assistance to address the growing significance of private sector requirements for enterprise systems and product standards. Of particular importance are the requirements for –
Standards regarding food hygiene and food safety (ISO 22000
Other international systems standards such as quality management (ISO 9001), environmental management (ISO 14001), and social accountability (SA 8000).
It will also support producers in performing self-declarations of conformity such as the CE markings, among others. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is also an area where international buyers are increasingly requiring exporter compliance, especially in light of the international standard on social responsibility (ISO 26000).